Describe The Impact On Pakistan In Case Of Break Of The Agreements

In 1948, the water rights of the river system were at the centre of an Indo-Pakistani water conflict. Since the treaty was ratified in 1960, India and Pakistan have not waged water wars, despite several military conflicts. Most disputes and disputes have been resolved through legal procedures under the treaty. [11] The Indus Waters Treaty is now considered one of the most successful water-sharing efforts in the world, although analysts recognize the need to update some technical specifications and expand the scope of the climate change agreement. [12] [13] After the Uri attack in 2016, India threatened to revoke the Indus Waters Treaty. Prime Minister Narendra Modi said: „Blood and water cannot flow.“ [66] [67] To date, such threats have not occurred. [68] However, India decided to resume the Tulbul project on the Jhelum River in the Kashmir Valley, which had previously been suspended in response to Pakistan`s objections. [69] Political analyst Hasan Askari Rizvi in Lahore said any change in Pakistan`s water supply would have devastating effects. [70] Constantly fearing Pakistan, India declared in February 2020 that it wanted to follow the IWT in its letter and spirit. [71] [72] In a memorandum presented by the Pakistani government to the United Nations in 1951, it was said that there were no laws, regulations, decrees or judicial decisions on the negotiation and conclusion of contracts in Pakistan, and that the issue was settled by habit and use. In 68 years, that has not changed much in Pakistan. Recently, Senator Mian Raza Rabbani introduced a private bill entitled „Ratification of Foreign Agreements by Parliament Bill, 2018“ (the „Bill“) that proposes legislation in this important area of public administration.

Senator Rabbani introduced the same bill in the Senate in 2007 and Dr. Shireen Mazari proposed similar legislation in the National Assembly in 2013, but both proposals would have failed because of a lack of a broader understanding of the importance of governance in this area. These proposals highlight both the difficulty and importance of legislation on this sensitive aspect of foreign policy. The main objective of the law is to ensure parliamentary control of treaties, including economic agreements and other foreign agreements, signed by the Pakistani government, as some of these treaties have serious consequences for Pakistani economic, political and fundamental citizens. Certainly, the objectives of the legislation relate to an important public interest issue that requires legislation.

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